BJT & Bipolar Transistors

A Bipolar Transistor or BJT (Bipolar Junction Transistor) is a solid state, three-pin device made from three layers of silicon. A BJT is designed to amplify current, bipolar transistors can also function as a switch. There are two main types of transistor, PNP (positive negative positive) or NPN (negative positive negative).
How a Bipolar transistor is made
A bipolar transistor is made by joining two signal diodes back to back creating two PN junctions connected in series, sharing a common P or N terminal. By nature, silicon does not normally conduct electricity well. However, when silicon is treated with certain chemicals or impurities we can make the material and electrons behave in a different way. This process is called doping. The doping process improves the semiconductors ability to conduct electricity.
What does a bipolar transistor do?
As we said before a bipolar transistor has two possible functions, switching, and amplification. Due to the devices three layers of doped semiconductor material, supplying the transistor with a signal voltage enables the discrete component to act as an insulator or a conductor. This clever change provides the transistors with two basic functions, switching (digital) electronics or amplification (analog) electronics.
Types of transistor
Transistors are available in panel, surface and through hole mounting options in plastic package or metal can versions. All have three terminals or pins, the Base, the Collector, and the Emitter.
Where are bipolar transistors used?
Transistors are one of the most widely used discrete components in electronic designs and circuits. Transistors are used for the amplification of all types of electrical signals in circuits made up of individual components rather than ICs (integrated circuits).

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Description Price Transistor Type Maximum DC Collector Current Maximum Collector Emitter Voltage Package Type Mounting Type Maximum Power Dissipation Minimum DC Current Gain Transistor Configuration Maximum Collector Base Voltage Maximum Emitter Base Voltage Maximum Operating Frequency Pin Count Number of Elements per Chip Automotive Standard
RS庫存編號 463-634
製造零件編號MJE15032G
HK$11.102
/個 (每包:5個)
單位
NPN 8 A 250 V TO-220AB Through Hole 2 W 10 Single 250 V 5 V 30 MHz 3 1 -
RS庫存編號 170-3410
製造零件編號TIP50G
HK$2.904
毎管:50 個
單位
NPN 1 A 400 V TO-220AB Through Hole 40 W 10 Single 500 V 5 V 10 MHz 3 1 -
RS庫存編號 669-7521
製造零件編號FCX491ATA
HK$2.91
/個 (每包:25個)
單位
NPN 1 A 40 V SOT-89 Surface Mount 1 W 35 Single 40 V 5 V 150 MHz 3 1 -
RS庫存編號 806-1319
製造零件編號PN2907ATF
HK$0.617
/個 (每包:200個)
單位
PNP 800 mA 60 V TO-92 Through Hole 625 mW 100 Single -60 V -5 V 100 MHz 3 1 -
RS庫存編號 102-1375
製造零件編號MJE15032G
HK$9.986
毎管:50 個
單位
NPN 8 A 250 V TO-220AB Through Hole 2 W 10 Single 250 V 5 V 30 MHz 3 1 -
RS庫存編號 761-9831
製造零件編號BC556BTA
HK$0.462
/個 (每包:100個)
單位
PNP 100 mA 65 V TO-92 Through Hole 500 mW 110 Single -80 V -5 V 150 MHz 3 1 -
RS庫存編號 103-5142
製造零件編號MJE13007G
HK$5.881
毎管:50 個
單位
NPN 8 A 400 V TO-220AB Through Hole 80 W 5 Single 700 V 9 V 1 MHz 3 1 -
RS庫存編號 601-1113
製造零件編號2SA1048-GR(F)
BrandToshiba
HK$1.04
/個 (每包:10個)
單位
PNP 150 mA 50 V E-Line Surface Mount 200 mW 200 - 50 V 5 V 80 MHz 3 1 -
RS庫存編號 146-2332
製造零件編號BC546C A1
HK$0.195
Each (On a Tape of 4000)
單位
NPN 100 mA 65 V TO-92 Through Hole 500 mW 420 Single 80 V 6 V - 3 1 -
RS庫存編號 545-0517
製造零件編號TIP50G
HK$5.53
單位
NPN 1 A 400 V TO-220AB Through Hole 40 W 10 Single 500 V 5 V 10 MHz 3 1 -
RS庫存編號 774-3568
製造零件編號MJE13007G
HK$8.194
/個 (每包:5個)
單位
NPN 8 A 400 V TO-220AB Through Hole 80 W 5 Single 700 V 9 V 1 MHz 3 1 -
RS庫存編號 166-3072
製造零件編號BC556BTA
HK$0.206
Each (On a Tape of 2000)
單位
PNP 100 mA 65 V TO-92 Through Hole 500 mW 110 Single -80 V -5 V 10 MHz 3 1 -
RS庫存編號 102-4116
製造零件編號2SD882
HK$3.985
毎管:50 個
單位
NPN 3 A 30 V SOT-32 Through Hole 12.5 W 30 Single 60 V 5 V 100 MHz 3 1 -
RS庫存編號 484-5194
製造零件編號BCX70H,215
BrandNexperia
HK$0.345
/個 (每包:50個)
單位
NPN 100 mA 45 V SOT-23 (TO-236AB) Surface Mount 250 mW 40 Single 45 V 5 V 250 MHz 3 1 -
RS庫存編號 464-158
製造零件編號MJE15033G
HK$10.924
/個 (每包:5個)
單位
PNP 8 A 250 V TO-220AB Through Hole 50 W 10 Single 250 V 5 V 30 MHz 3 1 -
RS庫存編號 803-1131
製造零件編號BC556BTFR
HK$0.57
/個 (每包:200個)
單位
PNP 100 mA 65 V TO-92 Through Hole 500 mW 110 Single -80 V -5 V 10 MHz 3 1 -
RS庫存編號 169-8615
製造零件編號BC550CBU
HK$0.239
個 (以毎袋:1000)
單位
NPN 100 mA 45 V TO-92 Through Hole 500 mW 110 Single 50 V 5 V 1 MHz 3 1 -
RS庫存編號 486-4561
製造零件編號MJE2955T
HK$4.896
/個 (每包:5個)
單位
PNP 10 A 60 V TO-220 Through Hole 75 W 5 Single 70 V 5 V 2 MHz 3 1 -
RS庫存編號 166-0392
製造零件編號FCX491ATA
HK$1.435
個 (在毎卷:1000)
單位
NPN 1 A 40 V SOT-89 Surface Mount 1 W 35 Single 40 V 5 V 150 MHz 3 1 -
RS庫存編號 663-8493
製造零件編號2SC2909S-AA
BrandSanyo
HK$2.02
/個 (每包:5個)
單位
NPN 5 A 160 V NP Through Hole 600 mW 140 - 180 V 5 V 150 MHz 3 1 -