SRAM

SRAM stands for Static Random Access Memory and is a type of semiconductor memory that uses bistable latching circuitry (flip-flop) to store each bit. It holds data bits in its memory so long as power is being supplied. It cannot hold data if power is removed. SRAM is used where speed or low power are needed. It’s higher density than DRAM, and less complicated structure makes it ideal to use in semiconductor memory scenarios where high capacity memory is used as seen in the working memory within computers.
SRAM is different to DRAM (dynamic RAM, which stores bits in cells consisting of a capacitor and a transistor), due to the fact that SRAM does not have to be refreshed unlike Dynamic which will lose data unless refreshed periodically. Also SRAM is faster and more expensive than DRAM.
SRAM is used for a computer’s cache memory as well as being part of the RAM digital to analogue converter found on a video card. SRAM can be designed with a general CMOS technology process with six transistors (6T memory cell) and no capacitors. Since transistors do not require power to prevent leakage, SRAM does not have to be refreshed on a regular basis:
Features include:
• Data is held statically – data is held in the semiconductor memory, no need to refresh data after every read data operation as long as the power is applied to the memory
• Three operational states which are hold, write and read
• Bistable (cross-coupled) INVs for storage
• Access transistors MAL and MAR – access to stored data for read and write
• Word line, WL, controls access – WL=0 (hold operation), WL=1 (read/write operation)
• Long data lifetime
• Simplicity
• Faster – quick and easy to control
• Used as cache memory
• Large size
• Price – expensive as it uses more chips than DRAM for the same amount of storage space
• High power Consumption
• Reliability
Disadvantages include:
• Capacity
• Varying power consumption
Can be found in the following:
• Computers
• Workstations
• Routers
• LCD screens and printers
• Electronics
• Microprocessor

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Description Price Memory Size Organisation Number of Words Number of Bits per Word Maximum Random Access Time Address Bus Width Clock Frequency Low Power Timing Type Mounting Type Package Type Pin Count Dimensions Height
RS庫存編號 145-3848
製造零件編號N01S830BAT22I
HK$22.502
毎管:100 個
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1Mbit 128K x 8 bit - 8bit 5ns 24bit 20MHz Yes Synchronous Surface Mount TSSOP 8 4.4 x 3 x 0.9mm 0.9mm
RS庫存編號 145-3875
製造零件編號N01S830HAT22I
HK$22.502
毎管:100 個
單位
1Mbit 128K x 8 bit - 128K 5ns 24bit 20MHz Yes Synchronous Surface Mount TSSOP 8 4.4 x 3 x 0.9mm 0.9mm
RS庫存編號 123-8836
製造零件編號N01S830BAT22I
HK$36.96
/個 (每包:2個)
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1Mbit 128K x 8 bit - 8bit 5ns 24bit 20MHz Yes Synchronous Surface Mount TSSOP 8 4.4 x 3 x 0.9mm 0.9mm
RS庫存編號 123-8837
製造零件編號N01S830HAT22I
HK$33.145
/個 (每包:2個)
單位
1Mbit 128K x 8 bit - 8bit 5ns 24bit 20MHz Yes Synchronous Surface Mount TSSOP 8 4.4 x 3 x 0.9mm 0.9mm
RS庫存編號 802-1951
製造零件編號N25S830HAS22I
HK$14.685
/個 (每包:2個)
單位
256kbit 32k x 8 bit 32K 8bit 25ns 16bit 20MHz Yes Synchronous Surface Mount SOIC 8 5 x 4 x 1.5mm 1.5mm
RS庫存編號 145-3623
製造零件編號N25S830HAS22I
HK$9.731
毎管:100 個
單位
256kbit 32k x 8 bit 32K 8bit 25ns 16bit 20MHz Yes Synchronous Surface Mount SOIC 8 5 x 4 x 1.5mm 1.5mm